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The Renaissance, Florence and Fabriano, Coluccio Salutati and Giovanni Tinti .

Often we think we know everything from history ,but sometimes it is not so. We can say that the Italian and European Renaissance was born in Florence in the fourteenth century, the rediscovery of the classics , first occurred in the literature and then has involved the sculpture , and all other forms of art and culture. So in this view , it is interesting to note that in Fabriano , already at the time of the City Charter , a fellow countryman Giovanni Tinti was not only a friend, but also wove a cultural exchange with Coluccio Salutati . John was Tinti family Fabriano he lived between the late fourteenth and early fifteenth century. According to Professor Romualdo Sassi he probably studied law in Perugia, from an early age became interested in the study of literature . He had the honor of becoming a friend of the most important among the humanists of the time, ie Coluccio Salutati ( he was born in February 16 Stignano Valdinievole , Pistoia 1331, died in Florence May 4, 1406 ) . It was a great politician and scholar , considered a reference point in the culture of Renaissance Florence. From 1374 it was chancellor of the Lordship until his death . His skills were not only cultural but also political, his greatest achievement in this field of was save Florence from the ambitions of Gian Galeazzo Visconti (Pavia 1347 – Melegnano 1402 ) , Duke of Milan , who wanted to conquer . It seems that John Dyed following the advice of Salutati , lived for a while ‘ time in Tuscany , even though most of his life spent in Fabriano , in the period in which the city was rich both economically and culturally . This great scholar was at the court of Chiavellis , here became the tutor of the young Baptist, grandson of Alberghetto II and his future successor. To better understand this great intellectual , suffice to analyze the manuscript ( a treatise in Latin) ” De institutione Dignitatum of governance .” Professor . Romualdo Sassi wrote in 1909 that the manuscript was kept in a library of Siena. I could see a new edition of the book, always in Latin , published by Editions of History and Literature, Rome , 1977 ( the themes and texts by Eugenio Massa, unpublished text by Pasquale Smiraglia ) , from there you can be accountable to those who s ‘ inspired by the author . He drew in particular to ‘ “Ethics ” of Aristotle and the ” De Officiis ” and ” Tusculanae Disputationes ” by Marcus Tullius Cicero , there are references to other Latin classics such as in Livy or the historian and Roman writer Valerius Maximus . This book is all the teachings , both political and moral , that John Dyed tried to teach his pupil , he wrote this work and dedicated it to him ; Baptist Chiavellis so that he would remember them. Going back to John Tinti and Coluccio Salutati , we must remember that both drew much from classical literature , both Greek and Roman both , were very similar, one could say that it was enough to understand the first the study the second . No coincidence that the scholar Francis Novati (Cremona 1859 – Sanremo 1915) who wrote ” The youth of Coluccio Salutati ” and ‘ ” Letters of Coluccio Salutati ,” it was also occupied with the great passion of Giovanni Tinti in a publication in the Historical for the Marche and Umbria built in 1885 . Salutati has supported the works of Petrarch and Boccaccio and Dante , comparing them to the authors of the ancient classics . He rediscovered the value of the classical writings such as the Renaissance artists were inspired for their paintings , sculpture and their works to the ancient greek and roman world . It is not unreasonable to assume that thanks to Giovanni Tinti,the Renaissance ideas were spread from Florence to the court of the Signoria Chiavellis and throughout Fabriano. At that time Fabriano also had strong trade links with Florence , because of the traffic that the two cities , with the stuffs the one , paper on the other, through the port of Ancona (thanks to commercial treaties between this port and Constantinople ) arrived in East.



Paolo Carnevali

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