Ludwig IV Wittelsbach and Nicolò da Fabriano
The fight that was created between Louis IV and Pope John XXII in the early ‘300 ,has brought back to Italy a strong division between Guelphs and Ghibellines. This ancient division was born when Frederick I Barbarossa descended into Italy , in order to consolidate its power, in this political struggle, who supported the empire was called Ghibelline, who supported the papacy was called Guelph . The city of Fabriano, was placed under the rule of Chiavellis , as the founder of this family , namely Ruggero Chiavellis , it is said that in Italy arrived with 500 knights in the wake of Frederick I Barbarossa , it was only natural that the family was Ghibelline. In 1327, in order to weaken the Pope , after consulting with several major exponents Ghibellines in Italy (probably also with Chiavellis ) , Louis marched on Rome . Many Italian cities sided with the German Emperor, he was followed by his courtiers, by his troops and members of the clergy , such as bishops and cardinals who had sided in his favor. Ludovico its passage purported to be honored by the feudal lords of the Empire as princes, counts and clergy . Speaking of German Emperor Ludwig IV Wittelsbach and Nicolò da Fabriano we can say that the first and most important Louis IV , was born in Monaco of Bavaria in 1282 and died in Furstenfeldbruck ( German city in Bavaria ), was Duke of Bavaria from 1294 , Rex Romanorum from 1314 and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1328. Frauenkirche is buried in Monaco of Bavaria. The second was the Augustinian theologian and preacher , Nicolò di Pietro Salvo da Fabriano , argued, with his preaching and his sermons, Louis IV , discrediting Pope John XXII , favoring the appointment of a new Pope ( an anti-pope ) , a Franciscan religious, known preacher who is called Peter Rainalducci , who took the name of Nicholas V. These two historical figures met in Rome. In January 1328 Louis IV entered Rome . On April 18 to declare deposed Pope John XXII , the Emperor summoned a meeting in the Church of St. Peter, as reported in the book Universal History of the Church, the sixth volume of 1840, he appeared ” in all the pomp of the imperial majesty ,” distinct from the purple , with a scepter in his right hand and with his left hand a golden apple , symbol of the globe , with the tiara on his head. When he sat down among the noble lords and prelates who had come in large numbers, ordered the crowd to be silent, then a monk of St. Augustine called Nicholas from Fabriano , stepped forward and cried out three times high- voice : ” And ‘ here no attorney to defend priest James Caorsa , which is titled Pope John ? ” no one answered . A little less than a month later , on May 12 as reported in the book History of Christianity , by Antoine – Berault Bercastel of 1829 , the Emperor summoned early in the morning in St. Peter’s Church throughout the Roman people ,Ludwig IV had around him priests and religious , nobles and lords . After that he sat down, the Augustinian preacher , Nicolò da Fabriano, had made a sermon in which he quoted St. Peter freed from prison , the Emperor was likened to the angel , and Pope John had approached the figure of Herod. After that , the emperor appointed Pope Nicholas V , to reward his loyalty , the Augustinian Niccolò da Fabriano was appointed cardinal -priest of the title of St. Eusebius.
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