Louis IV de Bavière palais des papes.jpg
Louis IV de Bavière palais des papes” di lorentey – http://www.flickr.com/photos/lorentey/42639535/. Con licenza CC BY 2.0 tramite Wikimedia Commons.

Ludwig IV Wittelsbach and Nicolò da Fabriano
The fight that was created between Louis IV and Pope John XXII in the early ‘300 ,has brought back to Italy a strong division between Guelphs and Ghibellines. This ancient division was born when Frederick I Barbarossa descended into Italy , in order to consolidate its power, in this political struggle, who supported the empire was called Ghibelline, who supported the papacy was called Guelph . The city of Fabriano, was placed under the rule of Chiavellis , as the founder of this family , namely Ruggero Chiavellis , it is said that in Italy arrived with 500 knights in the wake of Frederick I Barbarossa , it was only natural that the family was Ghibelline. In 1327, in order to weaken the Pope , after consulting with several major exponents Ghibellines in Italy (probably also with Chiavellis ) , Louis marched on Rome . Many Italian cities sided with the German Emperor, he was followed by his courtiers, by his troops and members of the clergy , such as bishops and cardinals who had sided in his favor. Ludovico its passage purported to be honored by the feudal lords of the Empire as princes, counts and clergy . Speaking of German Emperor Ludwig IV Wittelsbach and Nicolò da Fabriano we can say that the first and most important Louis IV , was born in Monaco of Bavaria in 1282 and died in Furstenfeldbruck ( German city in Bavaria ), was Duke of Bavaria from 1294 , Rex Romanorum from 1314 and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1328. Frauenkirche is buried in Monaco of Bavaria. The second was the Augustinian theologian and preacher , Nicolò di Pietro Salvo da Fabriano , argued, with his preaching and his sermons, Louis IV , discrediting Pope John XXII , favoring the appointment of a new Pope ( an anti-pope ) , a Franciscan religious, known preacher who is called Peter Rainalducci , who took the name of Nicholas V. These two historical figures met in Rome. In January 1328 Louis IV entered Rome . On April 18 to declare deposed Pope John XXII , the Emperor summoned a meeting in the Church of St. Peter, as reported in the book Universal History of the Church, the sixth volume of 1840, he appeared ” in all the pomp of the imperial majesty ,” distinct from the purple , with a scepter in his right hand and with his left hand a golden apple , symbol of the globe , with the tiara on his head. When he sat down among the noble lords and prelates who had come in large numbers, ordered the crowd to be silent, then a monk of St. Augustine called Nicholas from Fabriano , stepped forward and cried out three times high- voice : ” And ‘ here no attorney to defend priest James Caorsa , which is titled Pope John ? ” no one answered . A little less than a month later , on May 12 as reported in the book History of Christianity , by Antoine – Berault Bercastel of 1829 , the Emperor summoned early in the morning in St. Peter’s Church throughout the Roman people ,Ludwig IV had around him priests and religious , nobles and lords . After that he sat down, the Augustinian preacher , Nicolò da Fabriano, had made a sermon in which he quoted St. Peter freed from prison , the Emperor was likened to the angel , and Pope John had approached the figure of Herod. After that , the emperor appointed Pope Nicholas V , to reward his loyalty , the Augustinian Niccolò da Fabriano was appointed cardinal -priest of the title of St. Eusebius.

Paolo Carnevali

 
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Quest’ opera è distribuita con licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione – Non commerciale – Condividi allo stesso modo 3.0 Unported.

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