Poseidon mosaic Terme di Nettuno Ostia Antica

Here above image of a portion of the mosaics of Attidium, reported by the Facebook page, Gli Attidiati

Ostia antica - 010505 02 ostia antica

A unique style to the Roman mosaics of the second century A.D., of Attidium and Ostia Antica, depicting aquatic animals.
The mosaics were first used in 3000 BC by the Sumerians , served to protect the brickwork. The ancient Rome, has started to use this technique around the end of the third century BC. The mosaics taken into account in this article are two-colored, blacks and whites, this style appeared in the age of Hadrian (in the first half of the second century AD), these works were figurative or decorative . In this case it is figurative works depicting aquatic environments . Looking at the mosaics of Ostia and Attidium , it is interesting to note that the figures are elegant and clear, the white tiles are used to enhance and make more precise the structure of aquatic animals represented. In the fragment of mosaic Attidium in which there are figures of water , the shape of the tail larger, the contour of the body of water , elements that give the illusion of movement, they are characteristics of this mosaic that we find identical or at least similar in frigidarium Mosaic in the spa of the Cisiarii and in the Baths of Neptune , both in Ostia Antica. In the mosaic of Attidium, we see a more mature technique and refined than that of the thermal baths of Cisiarii . Of course mine is a personal opinion , but I hope that experts and scholars can come to Attidium to study the remains of the mosaic to better understand this work of art of the Roman period . The work of development of the site Attidium , where there are the Roman baths ,it is due to local institutions , but above all thanks to the association “Gli Attidiati ” Onlus (Fraction Attiggio No. 1, 60044 Fabriano, AN) volunteer organization for the promotion , enhancement and conservation of historic and artistic interest in the area of Attiggio , a hamlet of the town of Fabriano. The archaeological site is still a destination for research, even in recent years , we think of those carried out by the Cultural Umbria Archaeological, with the permission of the Ministry of Heritage and Culture , in collaboration with the University of Perugia and the Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage of the Marches in the shape of Maurizio Landolfi, under the scientific direction of Donatella Bark (Professor of Christian Archaeology and Medieval University of Perugia ) . In this campaign performed in 2013 was attended by 40 students from the University of Perugia, Rome and Viterbo. Of course, were also important conferences held in 2008 by academics of the University of Genoa(http://www.piazzalta.it/Engine/RAServePG.php/P/60291FAB0800/M/31931FAB0100 ).

Paolo Carnevali
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